If you find yourself dozing off easily, then this could be a sign of sleep deprivation. It could also be the result of excessive sleep. The first step is figuring out why you’re falling asleep when you sit down. Read this article to get an answer to your question: why do I keep falling asleep when I sit down?
Sleep is the most important thing to our bodies, especially when it comes to staying healthy and fit. But what if you’re falling asleep while sitting down? If you’re an insomniac who keeps falling asleep when you sit down, there are likely some underlying causes. You might be suffering from the side effects of a medical condition or prescription drug.
You may have grown too accustomed to sleeping while standing and need to get used to
sleeping on your back again. Your body is feeling exhausted and needs rest so it can recover, which can lead to sleepiness when you try to sit down.
Sleep apnea is a condition in which you stop breathing during sleep. If left untreated, it can damage your heart, lungs, and brain. You may have trouble sleeping, feel tired during the day or wake up with headaches.
The most common type of sleep apnea is caused by reduced muscle tone (hypopnea). This means that you stop breathing when you fall asleep or wake up. It is more common in people who are overweight or obese, but it can happen to anyone.
Table of Contents
Uncontrolled yawning- One indication of excessive sleeping
Uncontrolled yawning is a sign of excessive sleeping. Yawning is a normal physiological response to low oxygen levels in the body. It can occur during sleep and wakefulness, and it is often followed by a stretch of restful sleep. However, if uncontrolled yawning occurs throughout the day, it could be an indication that you are not getting enough sleep.
If you experience sleep apnea, don’t ignore it. It could cause problems like
- Memory loss
- High blood pressure
- Heart problems (such as heart failure)
Uncontrolled yawning is one of the earliest signs of excessive sleepiness. It’s a sign that your brain is telling you that you’re getting sleepy, but your body hasn’t yet been able to respond to it.
Yawns are also important for maintaining good health because they release hormones into the bloodstream that can help with blood pressure regulation, as well as reduce inflammation and improve digestion.
If you feel like yawning more than usual, try to take a break from work or school for a few minutes and do something quiet, like taking a walk or reading something! If you still feel tired after this time period, get some sleep before continuing at work or school.
Uncontrolled yawning is one of the most common symptoms of excessive sleeping. It usually occurs when you’re asleep, but it can also occur when you’re trying to sleep or wake up. If you yawn uncontrollably, it may mean that your body needs more sleep than usual. You can help your body get more rest by taking naps during the day, and limiting how much caffeine or alcohol you drink.
Uncontrolled yawning is one indication of excessive sleeping. Yawning is a reflex that occurs when we are tired, and it’s a sign that your brain is telling you to try to get more sleep. However, when you yawn uncontrollably, it could be a poor sign for your health. Uncontrollable yawns can indicate problems such as sleep apnea, depression, and even PTSD.
Can you fall asleep randomly?
Yes, you can fall asleep randomly. Your body will be accustomed to sleeping at certain times of day and will not be able to adjust to suddenly falling asleep at a different time of day. If you are prone to insomnia and have trouble falling asleep, try eating something in the evening that contains caffeine, such as coffee or tea. This will keep your body awake and alert so that it’s easier for you to fall asleep.
If you’re able to fall asleep easily when you’re tired, it’s likely that you can also fall asleep when you’re not. When this happens, falling asleep is a natural part of the process of going to sleep, you don’t need to do anything special or take any additional steps in order to fall asleep.
You may find that it takes longer than usual before falling asleep at night, but that’s okay. You may also find that staying awake at night isn’t as hard as it used to be, and if your sleeping patterns change after learning how to fall asleep easily, then that’s great!
It’s not just an option, it’s a common occurrence. When we’re stressed out, our body may feel like it needs to fall asleep as soon as possible in order to be ready for another day. So when you feel the urge to nod off, take a deep breath and get ready for bed. You’ll probably fall asleep without even realizing it!
Why do people fall asleep while watching TV?
The reason people fall asleep while watching TV is that they are bored and uncomfortable. The brain is wired to seek out novelty, so when the brain sees something it hasn’t seen before, it will naturally focus its attention on it.
This is why many people find being in an elevator to be boring, it’s not something that happens very often. If you’re watching television on an airplane and the plane starts to taxi down the runway, you will likely fall asleep because you are so used to sitting still that you are no longer interested in what is happening around you.
You might think that watching TV is a lot of fun. You might even think that it’s relaxing and peaceful. But when you’re tired and you’ve got a lot of things going on in your life, watching TV can be a struggle. So why do people fall asleep while watching TV? There are several reasons why we might fall asleep while watching TV:
The show is boring: When the show is not interesting enough to hold your attention, it can be hard to stay awake. If the plot is too confusing or if there are too many characters involved in the story, then it’s difficult to stay focused on what’s happening.
Your mind wanders: If you’re not paying attention, your mind will wander off somewhere else, and this could mean falling asleep during an episode of your favorite show. You get hungry: It’s possible that eating while watching TV will make you drowsy because food takes longer than other activities to digest once it enters your body (which may explain why people often fall asleep when they eat their favorite foods).
For one, some people have trouble falling asleep when they are watching TV because they are too distracted by the images on the screen. The bright lights and loud noises can keep you awake if you aren’t prepared for this.
Another reason is that the images on the screen can cause you to think about things that are happening in your life. This can make it hard for you to fall asleep because you’re thinking about the things going on in your life instead of focusing on something else entirely.
The final reason is that much of what we see on TV isn’t reality—it’s a made-up story that we see through actors’ makeup and costumes and other visual effects. This makes watching television more like reading a book than actually living life, which can make it harder for us to focus on anything else when we’re watching something like this!
However, there are ways to help yourself get more comfortable with falling asleep while watching TV so that it doesn’t affect your sleep quality as much as it does now!
Get relief from excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS)
When you have excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), it can be really hard to stay awake and alert during the day. This is especially true if you’re also having trouble sleeping at night.
Some products help to relieve EDS by helping you fall asleep more quickly and stay asleep longer. It does this by helping your body naturally produce melatonin, which controls your circadian rhythm, the biological process that tells your brain when it’s time to sleep or wake up.
Melatonin is a hormone produced in your gut, specifically the portion of your small intestine between the duodenum (first part of the small intestine) and pylorus (second part of the small intestine).
Melatonin levels rise as darkness falls, signaling your body that it’s time to sleep. That’s why some products work so well: it helps your body produce more melatonin at night, so when darkness falls again after getting up in the morning, you feel more alert than usual and ready to go!
If you experience excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in the morning, it can be a major source of distress and frustration. You may feel tired during the day, but you can’t seem to fall asleep at night. The good news is that there are steps you can take to reduce symptoms of EDS and get relief from your sleep problems.
If you’re feeling sleepy during the day, it may be excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS). EDS is a condition that affects how much and when you sleep. It can make it difficult to stay awake during the day and carry out everyday activities, like going to work or taking care of your family. Caffeine can help manage EDS. Caffeine may also help you feel alert in the morning after sleeping until late at night.
Does falling asleep randomly affect your daily life?
Falling asleep randomly may affect your daily life, but only if it’s a pattern. If you’re falling asleep every night at the same time, for example, and you do this every night for a few weeks, then it might be a pattern that needs to be addressed by a doctor or therapist.
Falling asleep randomly can affect your daily life in a number of ways.
- First, falling asleep at odd times can make it difficult to fall asleep at the proper time. If you’re tired but trying to go to sleep at 9 pm, and you fall asleep at 8 am, you’ll be tired when it’s time for bed, and that can cause you to wake up just as tired.
- Second, falling asleep randomly may also lead to poor sleep quality. If you don’t get enough restful sleep on any given night, it can affect your mood and energy level the next day.
Falling asleep randomly can affect your daily life. It’s important to understand how and why this happens when you’re not sleeping well.
When you’re sleep-deprived, it’s common to experience anxiety and irritability as a result of the stress that comes with trying to fall asleep in spite of the fact that your body is telling you that it needs rest. Your brain may be so tired that it’s hard for you to concentrate on anything else but getting some rest. You’ll find yourself repeating thoughts like “I should go to sleep,” or “I’m so tired.” This can lead to frustration and anger, which can take a toll on your physical and mental health.
If you’re chronically sleep-deprived, then this pattern will become more pronounced over time. You may start to feel depressed or sad because these feelings are linked to a lack of sleep. It’s also common for people who are chronically sleep-deprived to have trouble concentrating on tasks at work or school, which can lead them to trouble with their finances or personal relationships.
Falling asleep randomly can affect your daily life in several ways. If you fall asleep at odd hours, it can result in an inability to complete tasks that you would normally be able to complete during regular hours. It may also be difficult to get up in the morning and function on a normal schedule when you don’t plan ahead enough to ensure that you have enough time for your activities. If you have trouble falling asleep at night, there are several options available to help you get back on track.
What is excessive nighttime sleepiness?
Excessive nighttime sleepiness is a common symptom of narcolepsy and other sleep disorders, such as obstructive sleep apnea. It is characterized by excessive daytime drowsiness and difficulty staying awake during the day.
One of the most important factors to consider when assessing someone for excessive nighttime sleepiness is their attitude toward it. In most cases, people are able to recognize that they are tired and need to go to bed at night. However, if they feel that others are judging them for this behavior (for example, if they notice that their family members or friends are asking questions about their sleeping habits), they may begin to feel depressed or anxious about it.
Another factor that can contribute to excessive nighttime sleepiness is depression. Depression can cause many different symptoms including mild insomnia and fatigue, which can lead to daytime drowsiness in those who suffer from depression.
Excessive nighttime sleepiness can be a symptom of health conditions that are causing insomnia, such as depression. It’s often associated with a lack of energy or motivation, but it can also affect your ability to function at school or work.
If you have excessive nighttime sleepiness, you may feel like you’re dragging yourself through the day. You might have difficulty concentrating, making decisions, and even remembering things. You might find yourself falling asleep during social conversations or in class.
Excessive nighttime sleepiness can be caused by many different conditions including
- Anxiety disorders
- Sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (SARS)
Why do I fall asleep during the day?
You may have wondered why you fall asleep during the day. You may have tried to stay awake longer than usual, but it didn’t help. Or you may have been experiencing sleep disorders such as sleep apnea.
There are many reasons that people fall asleep during the day. It can happen for a number of reasons, including:
- You are overtired and need to take a nap
- You have a medical condition that makes it difficult for you to stay awake during the day, such as narcolepsy or restless leg syndrome
- You are going through menopause and require less sleep than normal
- You are pregnant and require less sleep per day than usual
- Your work schedule has changed significantly since last week and now requires more hours per day than before.
Falling asleep during the day is a problem that many people experience. It can be caused by stress or anxiety, as well as other factors such as fatigue and sleep deprivation.
In some cases, falling asleep during the day may be an indication of a medical condition or disease. If you suspect that your sleeping habits are abnormal or that you have a medical condition that affects your ability to stay awake during the day, it’s important to see your doctor for further evaluation and treatment.
Falling asleep during the day is not uncommon, but it can be a serious problem if you experience it regularly. As we age, our body’s natural circadian rhythm becomes less consistent. This means that our bodies are less able to judge when it’s time for us to fall asleep and wake up.
If you find yourself falling asleep throughout the day or during your waking hours, there are several things you can do to help improve your sleep quality and quantity.
- First, try sleeping in as late as possible each night: try going to bed at 10 pm or even later.
- Second, try sleeping in a dark room with minimal stimuli around you (no television, or lights on).
- Third, try keeping a consistent sleep schedule: go to bed and wake up at the same time every night (even on weekends).
If you fall asleep during the day, it’s likely that you have trouble falling asleep at night. This is because the body’s circadian rhythm regulates sleep patterns in a 24-hour cycle. The circadian rhythm is controlled by hormones, including melatonin and cortisol, which are released by your hypothalamus.
When your body doesn’t get enough sleep (or if you wake up too early), it produces less melatonin and cortisol and more of another hormone called serotonin, which causes drowsiness.
If you’re having trouble falling asleep at night but find yourself waking up too early during the day, try these tips:
- Go to bed at around the same time every night (for example, around 10 p.m.).
- Avoid caffeine after 2 p.m., and alcohol before 4 p.m., if possible.
- Get plenty of exercise during daylight hours (but avoid intense exercise 2 hours before bed).
- Make sure your bedroom is comfortable and dark enough for sleep.
Causes of falling asleep randomly
Falling asleep randomly is a very common symptom of many different disorders. The most common cause of this symptom is sleep apnea, which causes your body to stop breathing momentarily while you are sleeping. Other causes of falling asleep randomly include:
- Brain tumors
Falling asleep randomly can be caused by stress or fatigue. Stress is a common cause of falling asleep in the middle of the day. It also causes disruptions in your sleep cycle, which can lead to falling asleep during the day and staying awake at night.
Fatigue is another common cause of falling asleep randomly. When you’re tired, your body produces more melatonin, which makes falling asleep more likely. If you’re experiencing difficulty sleeping, talk to your doctor about any possible causes for your symptoms.
Falling asleep randomly can be caused by a number of different factors, including:
- Lack of sleep
- Certain medications, like sleeping pills, can lead to drowsiness
- Stress and anxiety can also cause you to fall asleep suddenly, often without warning or reason
Medical and brain conditions cause excessive sleepiness
There are many medical conditions that can cause you to fall asleep at inappropriate times, including narcolepsy and insomnia.
Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder characterized by extreme daytime sleepiness, cataplexy (partial paralysis), and sudden episodes of REM sleep. Narcolepsy affects all ages, but it is more common in children and adolescents.
Insomnia is a condition in which you have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. It’s also called primary insomnia or non-restorative sleep (NREMS). Insomnia affects one out of three adults every year.
Sleep apnea is a condition in which your muscles relax during sleep, resulting in brief pauses in breathing and increased carbon dioxide levels in the blood. Sleep apnea can be mild or severe and may be associated with other medical conditions such as obesity, high blood pressure, or diabetes.
Obstructive sleep apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common form of sleep disorder in adults. It’s also the most common cause of insomnia.
There are many different causes of obstructive sleep apnea, including:
- A large tongue or tonsils
- Drinking too much alcohol
- Nasal problems, such as allergies or colds
- Gum disease or tooth loss
- Heartburn due to acid reflux
The most common cause of falling asleep randomly is obstructive sleep apnea. This condition causes the airway to be blocked, which prevents the person from breathing properly.
Obstructive sleep apnea is caused by an enlarged tongue or tonsils, which makes it hard for air to reach your lungs. This causes you to stop breathing and wake up during the night.
The most common cause of obstructive sleep apnea is the enlargement of the throat, which causes a decrease in airflow through the airway. This condition is primarily caused by excessive fat in the neck and throat. As a result, there is a decrease in oxygen flow to the brain, causing drowsiness and sleepiness during the day.
Get on the right side of your circadian rhythm
Regularly getting enough sleep is important for your health, but what happens when you don’t? Let’s take a look at some of the most common causes of falling asleep randomly.
1. Circadian rhythm
When you’re sleeping, your body enters into a state called REM sleep, which helps to rest and regenerate your body. It’s during this time that you dream, so it’s important to get enough restful sleep every night. If you aren’t getting enough sleep, your REM cycles will become irregular and wakefulness will increase. This could make falling asleep randomly more likely because your body is not receiving the proper amount of rest before going back into a deep sleep.
Some people have trouble falling asleep because their bodies produce too much melatonin or not enough melatonin in general. This can cause them to be awake at night since their brains are trying to regulate their levels of melatonin while they are awake during the day instead of sleeping at night when they should be getting more of it!
Falling asleep randomly can be caused by a number of factors, including stress, caffeine, and even exposure to light.
Stress can cause your body to release a hormone called cortisol. This hormone is often associated with feelings of anxiety and depression, but it also has sleep-promoting effects. Cortisol can stay in your system for up to 24 hours after you’ve released it, and the longer it stays around, the more likely it is that you’ll feel tired and sleepy during the day.
Caffeine can also keep you from getting a good night’s sleep. Caffeine is a stimulant that causes your body to release adrenaline and adrenaline receptors throughout your nervous system, which makes you feel anxious or restless. If this happens over time, if you drink coffee every day, you may end up with more sleeplessness than usual because your body won’t have time to calm down before bedtime.
Exposure to bright lights at night can disrupt your circadian rhythm by making you think it’s daytime (even though it’s not). This can cause disruptions in melatonin levels and lead to insomnia or fatigue throughout the day.
Falling asleep randomly is a common occurrence, but it’s not something to be ashamed of. It’s a sign that your body is in sync with its circadian rhythm. In our bodies, the circadian rhythm is a 24-hour cycle that controls when we feel sleepy and alert. This cycle can be disrupted by jet lag, shift work, or other factors. If you’re falling asleep at random points during the day and night, this may be due to an issue with your circadian rhythm.
Hypothyroidism is one of the causes of falling asleep randomly. If you are suffering from hypothyroidism, you will have low levels of thyroid hormones. The thyroid gland produces hormones that help regulate metabolism, body temperature, and growth. If your thyroid gland is not working properly, your metabolism will not be able to function properly and this can lead to weight gain as well as fatigue.
If you have hypothyroidism, it’s important to take steps to combat it so that you can get back on track with your sleep schedule. Here are some tips on how to combat hypothyroidism:
- Eat healthy foods and drink water throughout the day
- Exercise regularly – even if it’s just a short walk around your neighborhood or house
- Take supplements if you’re suffering from hypothyroidism
Hypothyroidism is one of the causes of falling asleep randomly. It is a disorder that affects the body’s metabolism, which in turn leads to weight gain and fatigue. Hypothyroidism is caused by an absence of thyroid hormone production, which can be caused by a number of factors including autoimmune diseases, radiation therapy, surgery, or trauma.
Those who suffer from hypothyroidism often experience sleep issues such as insomnia, restless leg syndrome (RLS), sleep apnea, and extreme fatigue. Falling asleep frequently can also be caused by medications such as antidepressants and painkillers that contain an active ingredient called tramadol, which can cause drowsiness and sleeping problems.
Hypothyroidism is one of the leading causes of falling asleep randomly. Hypothyroidism is a condition that occurs when the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormones. This can cause symptoms such as fatigue and weight gain, as well as insomnia, irritability, and depression.
There are many things you can do to help prevent yourself from falling asleep randomly if you have hypothyroidism. First, get tested for hypothyroidism by visiting your doctor or local health clinic. If they find that you have it, they’ll prescribe medication that will help regulate your thyroid levels.
You can also use natural remedies like chamomile tea or melatonin supplements to help regulate your sleep cycle and make sure that you stay awake longer during the day.
People who have hypothyroidism are at increased risk of falling asleep when they try to go to sleep because their bodies can’t keep up with the demands of sleeping. The body releases less serotonin during sleep than it does when awake, so people with hypothyroidism may fall asleep faster than they would if they had normal levels of thyroid hormone in their bodies.
Idiopathic hypersomnia is one of the causes of falling asleep randomly. It is a sleep disorder that causes people to fall asleep uncontrollably and may also make it difficult for them to stay awake. The condition can be a serious health problem for those who have it, and it’s often misdiagnosed by doctors and other medical professionals because they don’t understand its symptoms or how it affects people.
People with idiopathic hypersomnia are usually young adults who have trouble staying awake during the day. They’ll often go to bed at night around midnight or 1 am, wake up around 3 am, and then be unable to fall back asleep until about 6 am. People with this disorder may have difficulty staying awake at work due to their difficulty staying awake during the day, but they don’t necessarily experience any cognitive issues such as memory problems or difficulty concentrating.
Idiopathic hypersomnia is a sleep disorder that causes a person to fall asleep randomly. This can be a big problem if you are trying to get good grades because it means you may not be able to stay awake in class. The cause of idiopathic hypersomnia is unknown, but it often occurs in people who have other sleep disorders.
- Extreme tiredness during the day
- Sleepiness during the day (even after naps)
- Trouble staying awake during classes or work hours
- Feeling sleepy during social occasions (like parties or dinners with friends)
Mild anemia is one of the causes of falling asleep randomly. It means that your blood corpuscles are not as red as they should be. The blood corpuscles are the cells that carry oxygen and nutrients to your tissues.
The body will not produce enough of these cells, which results in insufficient amounts of oxygen being delivered to your tissues, which causes you to feel tired, drowsy, and lethargic. If you have mild anemia, it can start causing symptoms such as falling asleep easily at night or feeling sleepy during the day.
Mild anemia is one of the causes of falling asleep randomly. Mild anemia is not a disease, but rather a condition in which your body’s red blood cells are missing or have decreased in number. This can cause tiredness, dizziness, and fainting, as well as difficulty, concentrating and poor memory recall. Mild anemia can be caused by any number of underlying conditions, including liver disease, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), HIV/AIDS, and cancer treatment side effects.
Mild anemia is a common cause of falling asleep randomly. It can happen because the body needs iron to make hemoglobin, which carries oxygen from the lungs to all of your cells. If you don’t get enough iron, your blood becomes too thin and your brain doesn’t get enough oxygen to function properly.
If you’re mildly anemic, you may have trouble staying awake in school or at work and have trouble concentrating. You may also feel tired or have headaches and low energy levels. These symptoms might be accompanied by a feeling that you need to take naps every afternoon or evening (even if it’s only for a few minutes).
Circadian rhythm: The internal clock that times everything
The circadian rhythm is the internal clock that controls when you feel sleepy and when you feel awake. It plays a role in your ability to fall asleep, as well as many other aspects of your health and well-being.
The importance of sleep is often underestimated, but it’s important for your health and well-being. When you’re not getting enough sleep, your circadian rhythm will become more out of sync with your daily schedule and work responsibilities, making it harder to stay awake or fall asleep on time.
The most common causes of insomnia include:
- Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS)
- Poor sleep hygiene
Insomnia disorder is one of the causes of falling asleep randomly. This may happen when you cannot sleep because you are afraid of nightmares or if you have trouble relaxing. Insomnia disorder can be treated with medicine or cognitive behavioral therapy, which teaches relaxation techniques that help to improve sleep quality.
If you are having trouble sleeping because of insomnia disorder, talk to your doctor about treatment options that can help you get better sleep.
Restless legs syndrome (RLS)
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a condition that causes uncomfortable sensations in the legs, arms, and feet. It is thought to be caused by nerve irritations in the brain.
One of the most common causes of RLS is falling asleep at an inappropriate time. This can lead to stress, which can cause restless legs. When you are stressed out, your body releases adrenaline into your bloodstream which can interfere with normal sleep patterns.
If you have symptoms of RLS and find yourself falling asleep at times when you don’t want to, there are some things you can do to help yourself feel better:
- Get more sleep
- Take a warm bath before bedtime
- Try not to eat large meals within two hours of bedtime
Fibromyalgia is one of the most common causes of falling asleep in the middle of the night. Because it’s such a common issue, it’s important to know how to identify it if you have it and what to do if you think your symptoms might be related to fibromyalgia.
Fibromyalgia is a serious condition that affects more than 8 million Americans, including many children and teens. It’s characterized by widespread pain in multiple joints, muscles, tendons, and ligaments as well as stiffness in the body due to muscle spasms.
Symptoms of fibromyalgia include:
- Aching or stiffness in your muscles
- Painful or tender points on your body (called trigger points)
- Painful areas on your body that are hard to move around in (called tender points)
You may also experience sleep disturbances like difficulty sleeping, waking up during the night, or having trouble staying awake during the day or while doing activities that require concentration like schoolwork or driving.
Falling asleep during the day is a common problem. If you have mild-to-moderate depression, it may be one of the causes of falling asleep randomly.
Mild-to-moderate depression is a mood disorder that affects people’s emotions and behavior. Mild depression is characterized by changes in mood, such as mild sadness, irritability, or fatigue. Severe depression is characterized by severe changes in mood and behavior, including suicidal thoughts and attempts.
Mild-to-moderate depression can cause problems with sleeping, both at night and during the day. In addition to being tired during the day, people with mild-to-moderate depression often feel tired at night too, and this can make it more difficult to fall asleep.
If you have mild to moderate depression and find yourself falling asleep randomly during the day, you may want to see your doctor about treatment options for this common sleep disorder.
Mild to moderate depression is one of the most common causes of falling asleep randomly. It can be triggered by stress, sleep deprivation, and other medical conditions. If you have mild-to-moderate depression, you may experience insomnia or oversleeping due to stress. The following tips can help:
- Try relaxation techniques
- Avoid caffeine and alcohol
- Spend time with people who uplift you
- Talk about your feelings with friends, family, or a counselor
The issue that causes you to fall asleep when you sit down is not just a problem with your body. It’s also a problem with your lifestyle and can be an underlying medical condition. If you recognize that, it’s time for a change!