By 2040,the Earthmay turn onthe red lightof the emergencywater.According to a recentstudy, conducted byDanish researchersfrom the AarhusUniversity: the production ofelectricity, the increasing of global population and the growth of needs by energy industry, it will make the risk ofwater supplyproblems a serious global issue.
The world,according to experts,will be called toa difficult choice: to satisfy thewater needsof the population orusewater reservesto cover theconsumptionof the energy industry.
Alreadyin recent years,water scarcityhasstarted to hitmore oftendifferent areas of theworld, jeopardizing the supply ofdrinking waterand agriculture.However, in mostcountries, agriculture and industries arethe greatest consumersofwater. Any industrial plantsrequire vastconsiderablewater resources forcooling cycles and any farmers needs large quantity of water for his animals and plants.
The onlyenergy systemsthat do not requirecooling cyclesarewind and solar energy. Hence thesuggestionof researchers: we must make the transitionmore and moremassiveof all countriestowards renewable sourcesto reducewater consumptionandprotectthe blue gold, necessary for the survivalof the population.
The research has shownthat theenergy industriescare littlewater consumptionandin mostcasesdo not even havesystemsthat quantifywater needs. Unthinkableaccording to the authors, since it alreadyby 2020, thewater will becomea problem for30-40% of theworld population.As pointed outbeforethesignatureof the study, Professor BenjaminSovacool:
The fact that theelectricfielddoes not becomeeven realizehow much water youconsumeisa huge problem.We do not haveunlimitedwater resourcesand this could leadto a seriouscrisisifnobody doessomething soon.
Researchers haveindicated a sort of road mapto prevent the riskofa planetarywater emergency and the main 3 points are: