What Is A Chemical Imbalance? What Are Chemical Imbalance Symptoms? 

A chemical imbalance means something unusual in the chemicals in our brains called neurotransmitters. These chemicals help our brain cells communicate. Let’s learn more about chemical imbalance and what are some chemical imbalance symptoms.

Chemical imbalances are the point at which the synthetics in our bodies aren’t exactly correct, and this can happen due to things in our qualities (that we acquire from our parents), things around us (like where we live or how we eat), and how we carry on with our lives. Everything can influence the equilibrium of synthetic compounds in our bodies.

Neurotransmitters are like messengers in our cerebrums and bodies. They assist with controlling our sentiments, feelings, how we act, and our thought processes. In this way, they’re truly significant for ensuring our cerebrums and bodies work how they ought to. Chemical imbalances can wreck the elements of your synapses, making things hard for you.

Before we explore the different causes and chemical imbalance symptoms, let’s first understand the nature and type of chemical imbalances. 

Table of Contents

What is a chemical imbalance? 

When we talk about a chemical imbalance in mental health, we mean there’s something not exactly right with unique synthetics in our cerebrums called synapses. These synthetics assist our synapses with conversing with one another. A few significant ones are serotonin, dopamine, and norepinephrine. At the point when these synthetics are not adjusted as expected, it can influence how we feel and think. This equilibrium is significant for our feelings and psychological wellness. If it gets screwed up, it can cause emotional well-being issues.

There are different reasons why our brain chemicals might get out of balance. Sometimes, it’s because of our family history (things we inherit from our parents). Other times, it’s because of things that happen in our lives, like really stressful situations, bad experiences, or using drugs and alcohol. Even hormone changes or certain health problems can mess with these chemicals. All of these things can lead to problems with our mental health.

Scientists have figured out that when our brain chemicals are unbalanced, it can cause mental health problems. But they’ve also created medicines to help fix this! These medicines target specific brain chemicals, ensuring they stay at the right levels. For example, some medicines for feeling sad or anxious (like SSRIs) help a chemical called serotonin stay in our brains longer, making us feel better. Other medicines for different mental health issues work by adjusting different brain chemicals to bring back the balance.

What are the different types of chemical imbalances?

Chemical Imbalance Symptoms

When our brain chemicals aren’t balanced, the signals between our nerve cells get mixed up. This can lead to mental health problems. Here are different types of chemical imbalances: 

  • Serotonin imbalance 
  • Dopamine imbalance 
  • Norepinephrine imbalance 
  • GABA (Gamma-aminobutyric acid) imbalance 
  • Glutamate imbalance 
  • Endorphin imbalance 

Serotonin imbalance: 

Serotonin is a unique substance in our cerebrum that influences how we feel and rest. When there’s insufficient serotonin, it can cause individuals to feel extremely miserable and stressed. Specialists give extraordinary medications to assist with adjusting serotonin and cheer individuals up, assuming they’re miserable or restless.

Dopamine imbalance: 

Dopamine is a special substance in our brain that helps us feel motivated and happy. But if there’s too much or too little dopamine, it can cause problems. Too much can make people see or believe things that aren’t real, while too little can make them feel less interested. Doctors have special medicines to help balance dopamine and make people feel better if they have these issues.

Norepinephrine imbalance: 

Norepinephrine resembles a partner in our body that deals with stress and keeps us alert. However, assuming there’s nearly nothing or a lot of it, it can bring on some issues with our state of mind. Too little can make us drained and unfit to focus, while many can make us restless and fretful. Specialists have unique medications to assist with adjusting norepinephrine and encourage individuals if they have these issues.

GABA (Gamma-aminobutyric acid) imbalance: 

GABA resembles a peacekeeper in our cerebrum that assists us with remaining even-headed. Yet, if there’s insufficient GABA, it can cause individuals to feel extremely restless and experience difficulty dozing. Specialists have extraordinary medications that assist GABA with working better, which can cause individuals to feel less restless.

Glutamate imbalance: 

Glutamate resembles a courier in our cerebrum that assists cells with conversing with one another. In any case, assuming that there’s a lot of it, it can make our synapses excessively energized and bring on some issues like uneasiness and feeling befuddled. Specialists have unique drugs to assist with adjusting glutamate levels and encourage individuals to assume that they have these issues.

Endorphin imbalance: 

Endorphins are like our body’s natural superheroes that help us feel happy and lessen pain. But if not enough, people might feel more pain and sadness. Doing fun things like playing, laughing, or taking certain medicines can make these superheroes stronger, so people feel less pain and more joy.

What are chemical imbalance symptoms

Chemical Imbalance Symptoms

When our brain chemicals are not balanced right, it can cause problems with how we feel and think. These problems are called symptoms, and they can be different for each person, depending on which brain chemicals are involved and the type of mental health issue they have. Here are some common chemical imbalance symptoms: 

  • Depression and low mood 
  • Anxiety and excessive worry 
  • Mood swings and bipolar disorder 
  • Obsession and compulsions (Obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD)
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Psychosis and schizophrenia 

Depression and low mood: 

When our brain chemicals, like serotonin, aren’t right, it can make people feel sad and hopeless. They might not enjoy things they used to, and their eating and sleeping habits can change. They might also feel very tired and need more energy. These feelings can make it hard for them to do regular activities and enjoy life.

Anxiety and excessive worry: 

When certain chemicals in our brains, like serotonin and GABA, are not balanced, it can cause anxiety. People with anxiety feel really worried and restless. They might get irritated easily, have tense muscles, and have trouble sleeping. These strong fears about everyday things make it hard for them to do their daily tasks.

Mood swings and bipolar disorder: 

Chemicals like dopamine and norepinephrine in our minds can here and there get uneven, making individuals with bipolar confusion experience enormous emotional episodes. Here and there, they feel fiery, get things done without thinking, and are cheerful. At different times, they feel exceptionally drained, lose interest in things, and become extremely miserable.

Obsessions and compulsions (Obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD):

When the chemical serotonin in our minds isn’t adjusted, it can prompt obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Individuals with OCD have contemplations that irritate them a ton (fixations), and they get things done again and again to feel improved (impulses). They do these activities since they’re restless about their viewpoints.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): 

Chemicals like dopamine and norepinephrine in the cerebrum can be offset in individuals with ADHD. This makes it extreme for them to focus and control their activities, and they will often be exceptionally dynamic. These difficulties frequently start in adolescence and can proceed when they grow up, influencing their school and public activity.

Psychosis and schizophrenia: 

When there’s a problem with a chemical called dopamine in the mind, it can prompt problems like schizophrenia. Individuals with schizophrenia could see or hear things that aren’t genuine (pipedreams) and trust things that aren’t accurate (hallucinations). They likewise experience difficulty thinking plainly and connecting with others. This makes it truly difficult for them to grasp what’s genuine.

What are the causes of chemical imbalance? 

Sometimes, problems in our brain chemicals can cause emotional wellness issues. These issues can happen due to things we acquire from our folks (qualities), things around us (climate), and how we carry on with (our way of life). Sorting out these reasons is vital to comprehend the reason why emotional well-being conditions occur and how to assist people who have them. Here are the causes of chemical imbalances:

  • Genetic factors 
  • Environmental stressors 
  • Substance abuse 
  • Hormonal changes 
  • Neurological factors and medical conditions 
  • Medications and treatment

Genetic factors: 

Sometimes, the way our brain chemicals work can be passed down from our parents through our genes. This means if someone in our family had mental health issues, we might be more likely to have them, too. These genes can affect how our brain chemicals are made, released, and used. So, our family history can influence the way our brains work.

Environmental stressors: 

When we go through stressful or scary situations, it can mess up the chemicals in our brains. If stress keeps happening for a long time, it releases special hormones that affect these chemicals. Bad experiences, especially when we’re young, can change how our brains work and lead to these problems. Places where there’s a lot of stress, like if someone is being hurt or ignored, can make mental health issues more likely.

Substance abuse: 

Using alcohol, drugs, or specific medicines can mess up how our brain chemicals work. When people use these substances, they change how the nerve cells in our brains communicate, affecting the chemicals. If someone keeps using these substances for a long time, it can cause lasting problems with their brain chemicals, making mental health issues worse or even causing new ones.

Hormonal changes: 

When our body goes through changes like growing up, having a baby, or becoming older, our hormones can change, too. These hormones can affect how the chemicals in our brains work. Sometimes, if these hormones are not balanced, they can make us feel different moods and behave in new ways. For example, some people feel sad or anxious before their periods because of these hormonal changes. These hormone changes can mess with the chemicals in our brains, making us feel not so good mentally.

Neurological factors and medical conditions: 

Some diseases that affect our brains can also mess with the chemicals in our brains. For example, conditions like Parkinson’s disease or injuries to the brain can change how these chemicals are made and used. Even infections or tumors in the brain can cause problems with these chemicals, affecting how we feel mentally.

Medications and treatment: 

Sometimes, medicines we take for other health issues can affect the chemicals in our brains. Medicines like those for high blood pressure or seizures can change the balance of these chemicals, which might make us feel different mentally. Also, if someone suddenly stops taking certain mental health medicines or changes the dose, it can cause temporary problems with these brain chemicals, leading to mood changes or withdrawal symptoms.

What are the physical chemical imbalance symptoms? 

When the chemicals in our brains are not balanced right, it can cause many problems in how we feel and act daily. These issues can affect how the chemicals in our brains work. Here are some physical side effects of having a chemical imbalance:

  • Changes in appetite and weight 
  • Sleep disturbances 
  • Fatigue and low energy 
  • Gastrointestinal issues 
  • Muscle aches and tension 
  • Cardiovascular effects 
  • Weakened immune system 
  • Physical tics and restlessness

Changes in appetite and weight: 

When the chemicals in our cerebrum, similar to serotonin and dopamine, aren’t adjusted, it can influence the amount we need to eat. Certain individuals won’t enjoy eating a lot and shed weight, while others should eat more and put on weight. These progressions can influence our well-being since they affect our dietary patterns.

Sleep disturbances: 

Problems with the chemicals in our brains can affect our sleep. Certain individuals struggle with falling asleep and feel extremely drained (insomnia), while others rest a ton yet at the same time feel exceptionally sluggish (hypersomnia). Feeling miserable or stressed can make it hard for individuals to rest soundly. Not getting sufficient rest can make them tired, influence their reasoning, and make them less solid generally.

Fatigue and low energy: 

When the chemicals in our cerebrum, similar to serotonin and norepinephrine, are not at the right levels, it can cause individuals to feel exceptionally drained and come up short on energy constantly. Individuals with emotional well-being issues frequently feel depleted, both in their bodies and brains. This makes it difficult for them to do ordinary things and remain dynamic.

Gastrointestinal issues: 

High-stress levels can make our stomachs feel upset. It can cause stomach aches, bloating, or problems with going to the bathroom regularly. Feeling anxious or stressed can make these digestive issues worse and make life more challenging.

Muscle aches and tension: 

When we’re really stressed, it can make our muscles feel tight and sore. This can cause headaches, backaches, and even pain in our jaw. Stress makes our muscles tense, which can make our bodies feel uncomfortable and achy.

Cardiovascular effects: 

Imbalances in body chemicals, like adrenaline, can affect our heart and blood pressure. If someone feels really anxious, their heart might beat fast, and their blood pressure could go up. If this keeps happening, it might cause heart and blood pressure problems.

Weakened immune system: 

When we’re really stressed for a long time because of problems with our body chemicals, it can make our immune system weak. Our immune system helps us stay healthy and fight off illnesses. But when we’re stressed, special hormones in our body, like cortisol, don’t work as well, and that can make it hard for our body to protect us from getting sick.

Physical tactics and restlessness: 

When the chemicals in our brain, like dopamine, aren’t balanced, it can cause people to have sudden movements or sounds they can’t control, which is called Tourette’s syndrome. This can make it hard for them to move smoothly and talk without making unexpected noises. It also affects how they interact with others.

Is there any natural remedy for chemical imbalance? 

Chemical Imbalance Symptoms

When our brain chemicals are not balanced, doctors and medicines can help. Sometimes, natural remedies and lifestyle changes like exercising or eating healthy can also help. But it’s really important to talk to a doctor before trying anything new, especially if you already have chemical imbalance symptoms. They can guide you on what’s safe and right for you. Here are some natural remedies for dealing with chemical imbalance symptoms:

  • Diet and nutrition 
  • Regular exercise 
  • Stress management techniques 
  • Adequate sleep 
  • Herbal supplements and adaptogens 
  • Social support and therapy 

Diet and nutrition: 

When you witness chemical imbalance symptoms, eating good food helps our brains stay healthy. Fish, flaxseeds, and walnuts have omega-3 that can make us feel better. Fruits, veggies, and green tea have things called antioxidants that are good for our brains, too. Eating whole grains, like whole wheat bread, can keep our energy and mood steady by balancing our blood sugar. So, eating these foods can help our brains work well!

Regular exercise: 

Moving our bodies, like walking, jogging, or dancing, is another way of dealing with chemical imbalance symptoms! When we exercise, our brains release special chemicals that make us feel good. It also helps us relax and sleep better, which are important for our mental health. So, playing and moving around can help our brains stay healthy and happy.

Stress management techniques: 

When we’re really stressed for a long time, it can generate chemical imbalance symptoms. But there are ways to relax, like meditation, deep breathing, or mindfulness, which means paying attention to the present moment. Doing these activities can help us feel less stressed. They can even change how our brain works, making us more stable and better at handling tough times.

Adequate sleep: 

Getting enough sleep is super important for our brain and how our chemicals work. We can sleep better by having a regular bedtime, making our sleeping area cozy, and relaxing before sleep. It also helps if we don’t use screens or have caffeine before bedtime. Good sleep habits make our brains work better and help us feel good during the day!

Herbal supplements and adaptogens: 

Some plants, like St. John’s Wort and passionflower, are thought to make people feel better when sad or worried. There are also herbs like Rhodiola and Ashwagandha that help us handle stress and feel mentally well. But, it’s really important to talk to a doctor and discuss your chemical imbalance symptoms before taking these plants because they can affect medicines we might be taking and could have some side effects. Doctors can help us know what’s safe for us.

Social support and therapy: 

Talking to friends or family about your chemical imbalance symptoms can help us a lot. These things help us share our feelings and learn ways to handle tough situations. When we have people to talk to and go to therapy, it can make us feel like we belong and can make stressful things feel less overwhelming.

What are the myths surrounding chemical imbalance? 

Some people have wrong ideas about how our brain chemicals work when it comes to mental health. It’s really important to clear up these misunderstandings and know the truth. We should learn the correct facts about mental health and what causes these conditions in our brains. Here are some myths surrounding chemical imbalance: 

  • Chemical imbalance is the sole cause of mental illness 
  • Chemical imbalance can be directly measured 
  • Prescribed medications completely fox chemical imbalance 
  • Everyone with a mental health condition has a chemical imbalance 
  • Chemical imbalance can be cured through willpower alone 
  • Chemical imbalance is a permanent condition 

Chemical imbalance is the sole cause of mental illness: 

Some people think that mental health problems happen only because of imbalanced chemicals in the brain. But that’s not the whole story. Mental health issues are complicated and happen because of many things like our genes, our surroundings, how we think, and how we interact with others. Just saying it’s only about chemicals is too simple and doesn’t consider all the different things that can cause mental health problems.

Chemical imbalance can be directly measured: 

When someone has diabetes, doctors can measure their blood sugar levels to understand their condition. But for mental health, there’s no direct way to measure the chemicals in the brain. The idea of chemical imbalances is a way scientists explain mental health problems, but it can’t be measured like blood sugar. To diagnose mental health issues, doctors look at the person’s symptoms, medical history, and how they behave instead of checking specific brain chemicals.

Prescribed medications completely fix chemical imbalances:

Some people think that the pills doctors give for mental health problems can completely fix the chemical balance in the brain, but that’s not entirely true. These pills can help with the symptoms by affecting the chemicals, but they might not completely solve the problem forever. Also, everyone reacts differently to these pills, so finding the right one might take some time and testing with the help of a doctor.

Everyone with a mental health condition has a chemical imbalance: 

Not everyone with mental health issues has a problem with their brain chemicals. Mental health problems can happen for different reasons and are not just about chemicals. For some people, things like stress or difficult experiences can cause these problems, not just the chemicals in their brains.

Chemical imbalance can be cured through willpower alone: 

Some people think you can just be really strong or think positively to get over mental health issues. While having a positive attitude helps, mental health problems are like other medical issues and need proper treatment. This might include talking to a therapist or taking medicines. Believing that someone can fix it all by themselves can make it harder for them to ask for the right help and make others misunderstand what they’re going through.

Chemical imbalance is a permanent condition: 

Some people believe that if you have a problem with your brain chemicals, it can’t be fixed. But that’s not true. With the right help, like talking to someone, taking medicine, and making lifestyle changes, people can feel better. They can manage their feelings and live a happy life. It’s important to know that recovery is possible, and lots of people with mental health issues can have a good life with the right support.


Knowing about chemical imbalance symptoms helps us understand why some people have mental health problems. But it’s not just about chemicals; it’s also about our genes, the environment we live in, and how our brain works. Some people have wrong ideas about these imbalances, so it’s important to learn the truth. We should be kind, understand others, and support people who need help without judging them for their mental health issues.

Scientists have learned a lot about chemical imbalance symptoms, but there’s still more to discover. By studying and understanding these imbalances, doctors can find better ways to help people with mental health problems. Everyone needs to know the truth, be aware, and be kind to people facing these challenges. If we all work together to understand and support them, they can live happy lives, too.