The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt was built as a tomb for the Egyptian pharaoh Khufu. It took approximately 20 years to build and stood at 147 meters tall on completion – It currently stands at around 139 meters tall due to erosion.
It is also the largest pyramid ever built and even with our modern technology, we are unable to build an exact replica of this pyramid. We simply do not know how the ancient Egyptians were able to achieve such an engineering feat.
Until the 1960’s Bhutan had no electricity, roads, telephones, cars, or postal system. Only in 1990 did they gain access to TV and the Internet.
The Bhutanese call their home “The Land of the Thunder Dragons”, due to the fierce thunderstorms rolling in from the Himalayas.
Foreign tourists were only first allowed into the country in 1974 and Bhutan is the only country in the world where the sale of tobacco is banned.
Taj Mahal | India
The nearest city to the Taj Mahal is Agra – a major city in the northern-indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
The site receives about 3 million visitors every year and is one of the most well known buildings in the world. It is widely though of as one of the most stunning buildings ever created – an iconic example of Mughal architecture.
AT the time of building, the Taj Mahal cost around 35 million rupees approximately 1 million American dollars.
Stonehenge | England
Stonehenge is situated in Wiltshire, UK and is arguably one of the most famous ancient monuments in the world.
It is made up of a large ring of standing stones that have always puzzled historians and archaeologists. The general consensus as to when it was built ranges between 2000 and 3000 BC.
The breathtaking city of Machu Picchu, located 2430 m (7970 ft) above sea level, was build at the height of the Inca empire around 1450 and is believed to have been a royal estate or sacred religious site for Inca leaders.
The Inca civilization was virtually wiped out by Spanish invaders of the 16th century. It wasn’t until 1911 that the hidden city was rediscovered by American archaeologist Hiram Bingham.
Easter Island | Chile
Easter Island is one of the world’s most famous, yet least visited archaeological sites. Chile owns the small Pacific island located approximately 2200 miles (3600 kilometers) off its coastline.
Easter Island’s most famous features are its enormous stone statues called moai. At one time, at least 288 of these impressive stone statues stood on the island.
Archeologists don’t know the meaning or use of the giant statues, however, it is assumed that they evolved from similar practices found elsewhere in the islands of Polynesia.
Ta Prohm | Cambodia
Ta Prohm – a beautiful temple, bound by the huge roots of giant trees – is the modern name of the temple at Angkor in Cambodia. It dates back to the 12th century and was built as a Mahayana Buddhist monastery and university.
Unlike most of the other temples in the city, Ta Prohm has been left unrestored – and yet it is still one of the most popular visitor attractions.
Petra | Jordan
Petra is an archaeological and historical city situated in southern Jordan – known as ‘Al-Batrā’ in Arabic. The breathtaking architecture and water system continues to amaze it’s many visitors still to this day.
The city is spectacularly carved out of stone, and due to it’s redish-pink color is affectionately known as the ‘Rose City’. The Treasury building is the site’s most popular building – estimated to be over 2,000 years.
The city dates back to 312 BC, making it one of the oldest in the world.
Chich’en Itza | Mexico
Chichen Itza, Mexico was one of the largest ancient Mayan cities still existing today. It’s ruins are one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico – about 1.2 million tourists visit the ancient site every year.
The Temple of Kukulkan, also known as El Castillo – the castle, is it’s main attraction. In the late afternoon of the autumn and spring equinoxes, the shadows cast by the pyramid are said to represent the feathered-serpent god Kukulkan.
Salar de Uyuni | Bolivia
Salar de Uyuni is the world’s largest salt flat (‘salar’ in Spanish) located in south-western Bolivia, near the crest of the Andes mountain range. It is covered by a few meters of salt crust, and is exceptionally flat – averaging altitude variations within one meter over the entire area.
Underneath the cemented salt are large reservoirs of lithium-rich brine. In fact, approximately 70% of the world’s lithium reserves are found in Salar de Uyuni and thus it’s not surprising that there’s an entire industry devoted to its extraction.
Seljalandsfoss | Iceland
Seljalandsfoss is the name of a unique waterfall on the river Seljalandsá, about 30 km west from Skógar in Iceland. It is 60 meters tall and has a beautiful narrow cascade to it’s base.
It has a breathtaking view leaving any viewer in awe of its. Yet, while the view of the waterfall is itself stunning, it is even more beautiful when viewed from a different perspective – behind it.
It is the only known waterfall of its kind, where it is possible to walk behind the falling water.
Eiffel Tower | France
The Eiffel Tower is one of the most well known and iconic places on the planet. The tower, situated on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France, was originally built as the entrance arch for the World’s Fair in 1889.
It is 320 meters (1050 feet) in height and held the title of ‘world’s tallest man made structure’ for 41 years before being overtaken by New York’s Chrysler Building.
Christ the Redeemer | Brazil
The Statue of Christ the Redeemer (or Cristo Redentor) sits 2,300 feet (700 meters) above the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil – voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in 2007.
At an enormous 130 ft (39 m) tall and arms measuring 98 ft (30 m) across, it represents the largest art deco statue in the world.
On a clear day the views from the statue’s base are breathtaking, and at night when lit up – it appears to hover magically over the city.
Iguazu Falls | Argentina
One of the great natural wonders of the world, the Iguaçu Falls are situated near the border of Brazil, Paraguay, and Argentina. The name Iguazu originates from two words that mean ‘water’ and ‘big’ – however, these words don’t quite capture the magnificence of this natural wonder.
The falls are 1.7 miles long, divided by islands along its edge. The staggering height of the falls range from 197–269 feet high.
Iguazu Falls was declared one of the New Seven Wonders of Nature in 2011.
Borobudor | Indonesia
Borobudur is a magnificent Buddhist temple located near Magelang in Java, Indonesia. The architectural monument is Indonesia’s single most visited tourist attraction and is estimated to have been constructed over a 70-year period.
The builders of Borobudur is unknown as is its intended purpose. It is estimated that its construction started before 800 CE.
Some 504 Buddha statues throughout the Borobudur temple can be found expressing six different types of mudras (hand positions), depending on their placement throughout the monument.
Mt. Fuji | Japan
Mount Fuji, standing at 3776 meters, is Japan’s highest mountain. The mountain is an active volcano – most recently erupting in 1708. On clear days it can be seen from the cities of Yokohama and Tokyo.
The peak of the mountain sits at an elevation of 12,388 feet – the 35th highest mountain in the world. Mount Fuji is the most climbed mountain in the world with over 100,000 climbers every year.
Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China is arguably the most recognizable symbol of actually consists of numerous walls built by various dynasties over a long period of time from stone and other materials.
It was built by Emperor Qin Shi Huang (c. 259–210 B.C.) in the third century B.C. as a way of stopping barbarian nomads entering the Chinese Empire, the wall is one of the most extensive construction projects ever completed.
Barrier Reef | Australia
The Great Barrier Reef – located in the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland, Australia – is the world’s largest coral reef system made up of over 900 islands and 2,900 separate reefs, stretching for over 2,300 kilometers (1,400 miiles).
The natural formation can be seen from outer space and is the world’s biggest single structure made by living organisms – composed of and built by billions of tiny organisms, known as coral polyps.
Mt. Kilimanjaro | Kenya
Mount Kilimanjaro in Kenya is Africa’s highest mountain – considered the tallest freestanding mountain in the world, rising 15,100 feet (4,600 meters) from base to summit.
The meaning and origin of the name Kilimanjaro is unknown – thought to be a combination of the Swahili word Kilima, meaning ‘mountain’, and the KiChagga word ‘Njaro’, loosely translated as ‘whiteness’ – ‘White Mountain’.
Kilimanjaro is composed of three distinct volcanic cones – Mawenzi and Shira are extinct while Kibo, the highest peak is dormant and could erupt again.
Northern Lights | Northern Hemisphere
The Northern Lights – known as ‘Aurora Borealis’ in the north and ‘Aurora Australis’ in the south – are stunning bright dancing lights in the sky caused by collisions between electrically charged particles from the sun that enter the earth’s atmosphere.
The best places to observe the phenomena are in the northwestern parts of Canada, Alaska, Greenland, Iceland, and Norway. Southern auroras are not often seen as they are concentrated in a ring around Antarctica and the southern Indian Ocean.
Grand Canyon | United States
Grand Canyon National Park is home to the awe-inspiring Grand Canyon, a 1-mile deep gorge carved by the Colorado River.
For thousands of years, the area has been inhabited by Native Americans, who built settlements within the canyon and its many caves.
The Pueblo people considered the canyon a holy site and made pilgrimages to it – now the natural wonder attracts visitors from all over the globe to see its jaw-dropping beauty.