Risk of global Water Crisis by 2040
By 2040, the Earth may turn on the red light of the emergency water. According to a recent study, conducted by Danish researchers from the Aarhus University: the production of electricity, the increasing of global population and the growth of needs by energy industry, it will make the risk of water supply problems a serious global issue.
The world, according to experts, will be called to a difficult choice: to satisfy the water needs of the population or use water reserves to cover the consumption of the energy industry.
Already in recent years, water scarcity has started to hit more often different areas of the world, jeopardizing the supply of drinking water and agriculture. However, in most countries, agriculture and industries are the greatest consumers of water. Any industrial plants require vast considerable water resources for cooling cycles and any farmers needs large quantity of water for his animals and plants.
The only energy systems that do not require cooling cycles are wind and solar energy. Hence the suggestion of researchers: we must make the transition more and more massive of all countries towards renewable sources to reduce water consumption and protect the blue gold, necessary for the survival of the population.
The research has shown that the energy industries care little water consumption and in most cases do not even have systems that quantify water needs. Unthinkable according to the authors, since it already by 2020, the water will become a problem for 30-40% of the world population. As pointed out before the signature of the study, Professor Benjamin Sovacool:
The fact that the electric field does not become even realize how much water you consume is a huge problem. We do not have unlimited water resources and this could lead to a serious crisis if nobody does something soon.
Researchers have indicated a sort of road map to prevent the risk of a planetary water emergency and the main 3 points are:
- Improving energy efficiency.
- Investing in alternative cooling cycles.
- Invest in wind and solar energy.
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